Our Diabetes Clinic provides complete care for children with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes using a coordinated care approach.
Diabetes is a condition that happens when the pancreas can no longer make insulin (a hormone). It is a lifelong disease, so there is no cure.
The body needs insulin to turn sugar (glucose) from food into energy. If the body doesn't have insulin, the level of sugar in the blood can get too high. Over time, high amounts of sugar in the blood can harm the body.
Diabetes is broken down into two categories:
In children with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin. Food is still broken down into glucose. And glucose still travels to the cells. But without insulin, glucose can't enter the cells. Instead, it builds up in the blood. Too much glucose in the blood is called hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Without glucose, a child's cells don't get the energy they need and over time, high blood sugar can cause other health problems.
With type 2 diabetes, food is still broken down into glucose. And glucose still travels to the cells. But the pancreas may not make enough insulin for the amount of glucose in the blood. The liver may release too much glucose at once. The body's cells may not respond the right way to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Because of this, the cells receive less glucose than they need. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to keep up. But as time passes, the pancreas can't make enough insulin to overcome resistance. When this happens, glucose builds up in the bloodstream.
Your health care team will work with you to create the right treatment plan for your child. This includes different ways to watch your child’s blood sugar level and providing insulin or oral medication. A dietitian also will help you develop a meal plan so you understand what foods are best for your child.
To schedule an appointment or for more information, call 715-387-5251.